Carprofen Drug Information for Dogs and Cats
- Drug name: Carprofen
- Common name: Rimadyl, Carprieve, Aventicarp, Novox, Vetprofen, Quellin
- Drug type: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
- Used for: Pain and inflammation
- Species: Dog + cat
- Formulation: Injectable, tablets
Name – Active Ingredient:
Name – Common Trade Names:
- Rimadyl, Carprieve, Aventicarp, Novox, Vetprofen, Quellin – multiple other trade names
- Short- and long-term use in dogs
- Single treatment only in cats
- Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID)
- Painkiller, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic (reduces fever)
- Used after injury or surgery.
- Can be used long-term to treat chronically painful conditions (e.g., osteoarthritis).
Common Contraindications and Warnings:
- The drug should not be given to dehydrated animals, those with low blood pressure, or those with a clotting disorder.
- Care is needed in older patients with pre-existing kidney disease, intestinal disease, or liver disease.
- Safety has not been determined in puppies younger than 6 months or in pregnant or lactating dogs.
- Do not administer alongside any other NSAID or steroid (e.g., prednisone) and do not change NSAIDs until your pet has gone through a 7-day washout period of no Carprofen.
Potential Side Effects:
- The most common side effects are vomiting and/or diarrhea (less than 2%).
- Rare side effects include liver or kidney failure, bleeding, and intestinal ulceration.
- Animals that develop side effects often tolerate a different NSAID.
- There is little evidence to suggest one particular NSAID has a better safety profile than another.
- Give with food.
- Stop if your dog develops vomiting or diarrhea, or if it becomes unwell during treatment.
- Tablets can be very palatable, so it is important to keep them well out of reach of your dog.
- If a dose is missed, give straight away if within a couple of hours of normal dosing time, otherwise restart when the next dose is due.
- Store at room temperature and out of reach of dogs. The tablets can be very palatable, and whole bottles may be eaten if they are accessible.
Speed of Action + Monitoring:
- NSAIDs start working within a few hours. In chronic pain conditions, it can take several weeks for the full benefit to be seen.
- Pain levels should also be closely monitored to be certain no additional treatment is needed.
- With long-term use, intermittent blood testing is routinely recommended to monitor liver and kidney function.
- When given to treat pain, your pet’s pain levels should be monitored to ensure the treatment given is effective.
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